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PARTS IN AN AIR CONDITIONER

Generally, An air conditioner has essentially 3 major parts, the compressor, the condenser, and the evaporator. Knowing these parts will lead you to better understanding when go thru the trouble shooting report and recommended repair action.

SOME COMMON TERMS USED:

These are some generic terms that we may use to describe the different parts of an air conditioner.

FCU CU REFRIGERANT COMPRESSOR
Fan Coil Unit:
`referred to Indoor Unit
Condensing Unit:
referred to Outdoor unit
Refers to gas substance used in
the refrigeration cycle
One of the parts in CU, acts like a pump to circulate refrigerant in the air-conditioning system

COMPRESSOR

compressor img

Cost to Repair: $$$$$

This is considered as the most important part of an air conditioner and also the most expensive to fix. As an air conditioning system operates with the use of a refrigerant, it is a gas that can easily turn from liquid to gas form due to its low boiling point.

Freon belongs to that classification and is normally charged on air-con units. Freon in the system passes through the compressor to reduce its volume. In doing so, its pressure rises up and the high activity of the molecules also raises its temperature. The gas now has high pressure and high temperature.

CONDENSER

condenser img

Cost to Repair: $$$$$

The outdoor section of an air-conditioning system is called a condenser. The gas then travels to the condenser to bring down its temperature until it becomes a liquid. It is made up of winding tubes that help facilitate the heat transfer. It also has a fan to make the heat transfer more effective and faster.

After here, the liquid will pass through an expansion valve which will control its entry into the evaporator.

EVAPORATOR

evaporator img

Cost to Repair: $$$

This is the last step in the cycle inside your air conditioner.

cold liquid that comes from the condenser expands into a gas form when it enters the evaporator because of the low pressure in this area. While this is happening, a fan is also blowing hot air to this area from your room. The contact between the hot air and the cold coils brings down the temperature of the air, which is then blown back to the room. In essence, another heat transfer happens here and this is where the cold air in your room comes from. The gas that comes from the evaporator goes back to the compressor to repeat the cycle.

PCB (PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS)

pcb img

Cost to Repair: $$$$$

Can be found in both Indoor and Outdoor Unit. The printed circuit board uses to perform complex communication, data calculation and output operation.

Recent new technology introduces several optimized control operations that enables the air-con to adjust operation accordingly to the required cooling load. This allows lower energy consumption in load operation.

Note: If a PCB is faulty it is a tricky issue. The system cannot be start up, so the Technician will not able to further diagnose & determine whether there are other faulty parts too. Hence, the proposed replacement of a PCB is normally not a conclusive repair. There might be further repair works required thereafter.

THERMOSTAT

thermostat img

Cost to Repair: $$

This controls the room’s temperature of indoor air.

CAPACITORS

capacitors img

Cost to Repair: $

Devices that store electric charge. These are used as temporary batteries while main batteries are being charged and for starting motors, power conditioning & signal processing.

Capacitors come in numerous shapes, sizes and colors. They can be identified through the symbol µF printed on to them. Farad (F) is the unit of capacitance and µF stands for micro-Farad.

FAN MOTOR

motor img

Cost to Repair: $$$$

Allow the speed of the fans to be controlled by means of input ‘Signal’ to the motor/s.

FAN BLOWER

blower img

Cost to Repair: $$$

The Fan Coil Unit consists of the cylindrical blower and the Cooling Coils stacked up above it. The purpose of the blower is to pull air through the cooling coils to remove heat from the air flowing thru the coiling fins on the cooling coils.

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